A Buyer’s Guide – DSLR Cameras (2019)

buyers guide dslr -feature-

If you want to take quality photos and are willing to invest into a DSLR camera where it be for professional use or as a hobby, we are here to help you get started with buying a new camera.


DLSR cameras offer a ton of customization and usually a purchase would get you the camera body itself and at least one lens.


 One-lens kits would usually be of the 18-55mm variant which is fairly versatile for most users and if you want to invest more money into better lenses or specific-use lenses you can always do that as well.


Unlike your standard digital cameras, you have far more customization available to you thanks to interchangeable lenses.


Let’s break down some of the most commonly used terms in the world of DLSR photography to help you get a better understanding of what to expect when you are out to purchase your first DSLR.


Why You Should Buy Stand-Alone Cameras

Image Sensors

Image sensors are essentially available in three variants – APS-C, Full Frame and Four-Thirds Micro Sensors.


Sensors are very light sensitive and happen to be the bread and butter of photography technology. As soon as you press the shutter button on a camera, the sensor is responsible for making a digital record of the image.


APS-C sensors are full frame image sensors that the capable of taking really great photos and the image quality rendered by them will put any point and shoot camera or a smartphone camera to shame. It is the most common type of sensor found in DLSRs.


The lighter an APS-C sensor gets to work with, the better the produced image will be.


Image Processors 

Image processors are like the CPUs found on your phone or computer. They are responsible for bridging the software and hardware and rendering images. Comparing image processors can be tricky and you need to understand if a particular processor will be capable of handling all of your needs.


If you plan on performing a lot of processor-intensive tasks then you need to invest in a good camera. If you will be doing most of the processing on your computer and do not plan on tinkering with high-end settings a lot, a standard DSLR will get by just fine.


Do note that technology keeps on improving in the world of photography and you should try to get the latest tech out there instead of the cheapest if you are looking for quality results.

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Megapixels 

It is one of the most basic terms that users use when talking about cameras. A single megapixel means that it stores data amounting to a million pixels and it happens to be the smallest unit of a photograph.


While in theory the more megapixels you have the better an image should be might be true, it is not always the case.


Each pixel can have different structures and a phone camera with say 40 million megapixels put into a tiny sensor will not perform a quality DSLR with a far lower megapixel count on its sensor.


The smaller sensors also have smaller pixels which do not look as good as the large pixels good DLSR sensors produce.


Exposure

Exposure consists of three major elements, which include:


Aperture Range

Aperture range is available on every single lens in production. They can be adjusted using a unit called an “f-stop”.


The higher the f-stop the more the distance is from the camera subject and focus point and the reverse is true for lower f-stops. A f-stop of f/22 will keep most of your scene in focus while a f/2.8 f-stop means that you will be able to get macro shots (heavily focused shots with blurred backgrounds) better.


Shutter Speed

Shutter speed affects the amount of light that goes into your camera. The slower the shutter speed, the more light that goes into your camera and vice versa. In low light photography, it is important to have high shutter speed while the opposite is true for brightly lit situations.


Depending on what kind of images you will be taking, you can pick the right camera.


ISO Sensitivity

ISO sensitivity essentially measures how sensitive a camera’s sensor is when light goes in. Dimly lit environments require high ISO while brightly lit environments require lower ISO. A camera with good lighting adjustments can even negate the need for a flash in dimly lit environments.


Now that we have discussed some of the most important camera terminologies let’s take a look at some of the other things you need to consider when purchasing a camera.


These features are completely optional and not everyone needs them but if you feel you could find them handy during your photography adventures then by all means go ahead and look for them in your next purchase.


Extra Features to Consider 


Burst Photography

If you are looking for a camera that is capable of taking multiple images in row then you should invest in a camera that is known to take great images in burst mode. The feature is important for anyone who is planning to take images rapidly in high-action scenes with a lot of movement.


Now it’s not just about whether a camera offers the feature or not, processor capability is also a huge factor. You want your camera to have a powerful enough sensor to process images in rapid succession without making them a blurry mess.


You also need to invest in a good micro SD card with high read and write speeds else your camera will not be able to write data and store images fast enough, which can be a massive detriment to having a good camera if you don’t invest in a good card.


Multi Auto-Focus

Some of the better cameras out there have multiple autofocus points and it’s something very important Scene recognition and auto-focus are very good features to have and you get precise control over your captures.


Having more control over your images is always a good thing. good cameras are capable of constantly tracking your “subject” even if it is moving.


Automatic scene recognition is a must if you are opting for a multi auto-focus camera. You can put your efforts into keeping your camera focused while the camera will automatically shift to the right mode and adjust exposure levels without needing any manual input from you.


Facial recognition is another feature that helps with multi-auto focus as you can automatically lock on to all faces that appear on a viewfinder if you have a multi-point focus camera.


HDR (High Dynamic Range)

HDR is one of the most important features if you want to take great photos and videos with your DSLR. It allows your photos to have better, contrast more lighting and look stunning without needing too many edits. 


HDR is the solution for a number of awkward lighting solutions and it essentially captures successive shots and keeps the best part of each shot and combines them to get you the best photo possible.


Video Recording 

Not all DSLR cameras are capable of taking great videos. It all depends on how good the processor is and how good your lens is. You want to look for 4K video recording with HDR if you want the maximum possible quality.


On the other hand, you also have the option to skip additional video recording capabilities to save on your investment. If you feel like you do not need high-end video recording, you should just pick up something with Full HD video recording at 30 or 60fps and you will be just fine.


If you are opting for video recording however, make sure the camera has continuous autofocus to ensure you get smooth and steady videos.


Connectivity 

Connectivity is the final deciding factor when making a DSLR purchase. Having multiple connectivity options is a must if you don’t want to repeatedly pull out your SD card and connect it your computer for file transfers.


A number of Wi-Fi and NFC enabled DLSR cameras are available that allow you to transfer files on the fly with minimal hassle. You also get access to app that help you download photos from your camera to your phone and edit them.


It is an ideal feature for mobile users as editing apps on Android and iOS are fairly decent for social media usage. You also get to post your photos online with minimal hassle and without needing a computer, making it a feature ideal when traveling or when you don’t have access to a computer.


Best DSLR Brands in India 

  • Nikon
  • Canon
  • Sony
  • Pentax
  • Sigma

Conclusion 

We covered all of the technical terms and deciding factors that you need to be aware of when purchasing a DSLR camera. Remember that each user has his or her personal requirements and you need to check out a variety of lenses, features and more to find the right option for yourself.


Ideally you want a versatile lens and a powerful processor to handle all of your daily requirements.


About the Author Rahul Sharma

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